Lithuania’s Hill of Crosses: Spontaneous Shrine, Lieux de Mémoire, and Consumerist Tourism Destination


Ema Noëlla Kibirkstis (Memorial University of Newfoundland)

Kryžių kalnas (“Hill of Crosses”) located in the Šiauliai district of Lithuania is a popular destination for local and visiting Lithuanians, tourists and Christian pilgrims. The meaning of this place has changed significantly since its mysterious beginnings, becoming a place of peaceful protest against the Soviet occupation in the mid-1950s, to gaining worldwide attention after Lithuania’s independence in 1990. Through an analysis of the many histories and meanings, this presentation identifies Kryžių kalnas as a spontaneous shrine, a lieux de mémoire, and a consumerist tourism destination.

Part of 62-02 Tourism and Heritage Discourses, Saturday, October 23, 10:30 am–12:00 pm